REALLY being able to FIGHT with "Close Combat" techniques means exactly this: BEING ABLE TO FIGHT!
So what "standard" can be used to develop the mandated attacks and methods?
We can agree on this: The ability to attack the enemy with a BARRAGE of HARD, FAST, DAMAGING blows and kicks that can be recalled instantly and used convulsively and instinctively. These attacks can attack ALL body areas and from any and ALL varied angles while combined with evasive body shifting and footwork. Accuracy is also important, but blows that can DAMAGE almost ANY part of the body are to be preferred over those that NEED specific targeting.
If we agree on the above as our "template" of effective fighting methods, what methods fit the bill best?
PUNCHING: Fist blows that can be straight, overhand, hooking and uppercuts. These blows can be thrown from anywhere and in any angle of trajectory. They can be thrown in a BARRAGE of combinations and can be aimed at many body areas. IMPORTANT NOTE: Proper strengthening and conditioning (which should be DONE anyway) can turn the FISTS into VERY POTENT WEAPONS. (Module 6 of The SDTS)
With the correct conditioning, Punching meets the above criteria.
EDGE OF HAND BLOWS: Again these can be used anywhere on the body and limbs with damaging effect. They can be used in any manner needed, hence the Chinese term "Thousand Hand Blow". The Edge of Hand is very hard to injure even when struck against bone. Hatchet like blows can be delivered from a variety of angles and targeted almost ANYWHERE on the body.
ELBOW JABS & SMASHES: The elbow ALSO can be used in a WIDE variety of attacks. It can jab, smash, hook, back smash, drop, rise etc. It can be devastating to almost ANY part of the body. It can be used with speed and pop or driven in with two hands reinforcing, smashing and crushing. VERY difficult to defend against and virtually the BEST weapon for in-close work.
LOWER BODY ATTACKS: These THREE are the primary ones to TRAIN and used MOST effectively as stated above -
1. KNEE - Can be used as an UPWARD smash, a DIRECT INWARD thrust, in a roundhouse or hooking manner, and in a "dropping" single and double crushing attack to a downed enemy. Knees can be DEVASTATING to almost ANY body area. More "ring" deaths in Muay Thai have been attributed to KNEE attacks than to any other natural weapon.
2. THE FRONT KICK - Using the ball, toe, or instep of the boot. Can be directed from the shins to the head (depending on position of enemy). It’s simple, easily trained and instinctive. With heavy footwear this kick is a KILLER. It can splinter shins, crack kneecaps, crush testicles, shatter bones (pubic/ribs/sternum/skull).
3. THE STOMP - Using the heel of the boot this stomping kick is a "natural". It can be employed to an assailant in front, to the side, or to the rear. It can be used close in when grappling or used unexpectedly from a distance. It is MURDER on a downed adversary.
So there is the "FIGHTING SYSTEM" out line. The punch, the edge of hand, the elbow, the knee, the front kick, the stomp. SIX methods that I would train and use in a real FIGHT, NOT a pre-emptive "Jap" attack or other first strike scenarios, but in a REAL tooth and claw FIGHT.
The other mainstays are GREAT for when they CAN be used. But they are LIMITED to specific scenarios and specific TARGETS!
FIVE chokeholds/strangles that CAN BE immediately turned into NECK BREAKS. (Module 3 SDTS)
That's the CORE system for REAL FIGHTING. Six upper and lower body striking and kicking methods and twenty-one combat grappling methods. Everything else - clawing, gouging, crushing, ripping, butting and biting are ancillary to the core system. The other attacks like the tigers claw, chin-jab, ear box, rock crusher, cradle blow, etc. are SPECIFIC methods of attack that are limited in use by the NATURE of their method (Found in Module 2 SDTS). These methods of attack can be used as THE OPPORTUNITY presents itself.
The core fighting methods can be used whenever YOU want to use them. The ancillary fighting methods are used when the opportunity presents itself.
For example: To effectively USE the "chin-jab" your enemy must "give" you a clear and unimpeded "path" to the point of his chin. However, if I just start SMASHING at him with multiple hard driving elbow blows I don't give a damn what he does or what's "open" he's going to be in a world of shit from jump street. See the difference?
Does this make sense?
Fighting an actively aggressive enemy will require different tactics and methods as opposed to attacking an enemy prior to full-blown fighting. Simply put, you're either attacked or you attack. Both approaches need to be studied thoroughly, understood fully and practiced to the point of instinct.
Over emphasis on the preemptive or on the active fight will render you woefully lacking when the other method is mandated.
HIT FIRST when YOU CAN, WIN THE FIGHT by whatever MEANS when YOU CANNOT!
Just like gun fighting. There is the REACTIVE and the PROACTIVE. Either you start the shit or the other bastard starts the shit. Each requires different skills, and if you plan to SURVIVE you had better understand both and be able to deal with both!
Damian Ross is CEO of the Self Defense Company and developer of The Self Defense Training System, the most lethal and effective self defense system in the world, The Guardian Defensive Tactics Police Combatives Program, 60 minute Self Defense and the Family Safe Program. Mr. Ross also founded the Self Defense Instructor Program that helps people develop their self defense business from the ground up. Mr. Ross is originally from Ridgewood, NJ where he was a High School Hall of Fame Athlete in football and wrestling as well as a varsity wrestling coach. He then went on to Lehigh University where he was a varsity wrestler and football player. Mr. Ross has 3 black belts, 4th Degree in Tekkenryu Jujutsu, 2nd Degree in Judo, 2nd Degree in Tae Kwon Do. In addition to his martial arts experience, Mr; Ross spent 8 years in the professional security and personal protection business. He is internationally recognized as one of the foremost authorities in reality based self defense.